DEFRA & APHA Regulation

Regulations and legislation can be very confusing, at Waste Spectrum we are experts in the requirements set by DEFRA, the APHA and UK/European Directives having been instrumental in the interpretation of these regulations. We make it our business to keep up-to-date with all the latest changes to these rules and regulations, so that we know best when it comes to advising and supporting our customers with their incinerator needs. Here you will find some useful information to help give an outline, but we always recommend getting in touch with us to speak with a member of our friendly and knowledgeable team.

Waste Spectrum Incineration Systems Conformity

Having worked closely with the agricultural community for over two decades, Waste Spectrum understand the importance of biosecurity and sustainability to farming. Preventing the spread of disease and fighting back against climate change to promote environmental & animal welfare goes hand-in-hand with what we stand for. It’s a common misconception that incinerators are damaging to the environment. In fact, all of the incinerators in our range are DEFRA approved and operate to EU Legislative requirements. Our incinerators have two chambers, forcing the gases from the primary to the secondary chamber where they are retained for either:

    a) 2 seconds at 850 Degrees Centigrade or;
    b) 0.2 Second at 1100 Degrees Centigrade

This ensures that many of the potentially harmful gases created in the combustion process are destroyed. Although some countries have regulations that differ slightly, all of our low capacity machines meet all regulatory and legislative requirements for animal waste emissions standards throughout the whole of the UK and Europe. Many other parts of the world operate to the same standards as the UK, but we encourage you to talk to us and communicate with your local authority to find out more.

DEFRA & APHA Application for Approval

The Department of the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) and the Animal & Plant Health Agency (APHA) work together to develop and enforce UK regulations. DEFRA are the government department responsible for developing the regulations and the APHA are the agency responsible for enforcing those regulations and carrying out inspections. In order to operate an incinerator for the disposal of any Animal By-Product (ABP) the APHA require the operator to submit an Application and Inspection Form for Approval to Incinerate Animal By-Products. This form is submitted and reviewed before permission is either granted to refused. You must submit one of these forms if you are disposing of carcasses, innards, entrails or any other by-products that have come from a dead animal.

The application form itself is quite simple and covers key details about you and your business, but also about your operation. They type of waste you will be burning, the quantity of waste your site handles & the location of the incinerator. Other parts of the form include drainage, ash, monitoring and operation temperatures and maintenance. We know that some of these question may be confusing or difficult for you to answer, this is why at Waste Spectrum we offer full guidance and support to our customers with filling in these forms. Our team have endless experience with these applications and we are well equipped to help you answer the questions. Simply give us a call.

Once the incinerator is in place on site, the Duty Vet will visit your site to ensure the incinerator conforms to the required standards. They will want to make sure that the incinerator reaches the required operating temperature. Following this, they often give guidance on the location and may suggest alterations. None of these things are anything to be concerned about. When possible, a member of our team will visit your site and talk through best practice. Derived from years of experience dealing with agricultural applications and everything that comes with them, we have the know-how to allow us to support you through the process.


We wish that we could tell you that there are no cost implications for those who operate incinerators, sadly we can’t. Initially you will be required to make a payment for the application to operate an incinerator. Costs in England, Scotland and Wales are very similar but can differ slightly so we would suggest taking a look at the APHA Fee Guidance below:

  • EnglandAPHA England Fee Guidance
  • ScotlandAPHA Fee Guidance Scotland
  • WalesAPHA Fee Guidance Wales
  • The fee guidance from the APHA was updated as of 30 of June 2019. If there is anything you do not understand or would like some more information about fees and the APHA & DEFRA requirements, please get in touch with our team. Alternatively you can contact the APHA, the details are below.


    One of the most common questions we get is about planning permission and whether our customers are required to place an application. We always suggest that you make contact with your local authority to receive guidance on planning permission. Having extensive experience dealing with incinerator uses of all kinds, we know which require planning and which don’t. Please get in touch with us and we can give you advice and guidance as-well-as hands-on support with your application if required.

    In broad terms, for sites where an incinerator will be operated for the purpose of disposing of ABP waste, at a capacity less than 50kg per hour, planning permission should not be required. For applications where the site will operate at high capacity over 50kg per hour, planning permission will be required and further regulations apply. For sites operating as a pet crematorium, planning permission is not required providing the property is already registered as a commercial premises. If the site is not registered as a commercial business, a planning application for change of use for the land may be required. Please remember that this is simply a brief overview. For full, in-depth information please contact our team or you local authority.

    We hope that you have found this information useful. For further support, guidance and advice please get in touch by filling the form on the Contact Us page or click here to Call Us or email

    You can find out more information by visiting the Gov website here: ABP Gov Website
    Alternatively you can email or phone using these details-

  • Call: 03000 200 301
  • Email: